Paediatric palliative care is a unique and often challenging area of palliative care. This small group of children and young people have a wide and diverse range of conditions, some of which may be rare, and some of which may have a clinical course which runs over many years. Prognostic uncertainty, and not likelihood of survival, should determine the need for palliative care. 
In a population of 250,000 people with about 50,000 children, in one year:
Although end-of-life care forms part of paediatric palliative care, elements of palliative care may be needed from diagnosis. Palliative care for children represents a special, albeit closely related field to adult palliative care. The World Health Organisation’s definition of palliative care, appropriate for children and their families is as follows; the principles apply to other paediatric chronic disorders (WHO 1998a):
Advances in medical care means children and young people are now living longer and have increasingly complex care needs. They will also present with diverse conditions including: cancer, cystic fibrosis, neurodegenerative conditions, or stable conditions that may have life threatening complications such as severe cerebral palsy. The Palliative Care Australia guidelines for paediatrics identify four main categories of life-limiting illness among children.
Visit the Quality of Care Collaborative Australia (QuoCCA) website for paediatric education for health professionals
Visit Palliative Care Australia’s - Paediatric Palliative Care website
More Paediatric resources
Last updated 20 August 2021