This section covers dissemination processes and knowledge translation.
Ideally, good research will change practice.
In order for research to have a real-world outcome, consideration needs to be given to the process by which it will influence practice. Publication is just the first step in this process.
A dissemination plan should focus on key stakeholders and decision-makers, as well as identifying and addressing the main barriers to change.
Knowledge Translation relates to the process of implementing evidence from research. Due to the complexity of the health care system, there can be very significant barriers to change, even when the need for change is demonstrated by strong evidence.
A useful practical guide to thinking through the process of knowledge translation entitled From research to practice: A knowledge transfer planning guide has been developed by the Ontario Institute for Work and Health.
When evidence is available to guide practice, one of the ways this happens is by the development clinical practice guidelines. For more information on this, see the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) resource A guide to the development, implementation and evaluation of clinical practice guidelines (427kb pdf doc).