Cancers are named after the part of the body where they start. A secondary cancer is still labelled as the original cancer, even though it has moved to a different spot.
- Central nervous system (brain, meninges, spinal cord)
- Gynaecological (ovaries, cervix, uterus, vulva, vagina, endometrium)
- Head and neck (tongue, mouth, salivary glands, oropharynx, nasopharynx, nasal cavity and larynx)
- Leukaemia (bone marrow)
- Lower gastro-intestinal (colorectal or bowel)
- Lymphoma (lymphatic system)
- Renal and urinary tract (kidney, bladder, urethra, renal pelvis)
- Unknown primary site
- Upper gastro-intestinal (oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, gallbladder and pancreas)
The five most common cancer sites in Australia are: prostate, colorectal, breast, melanoma and lung cancer.
Life, Hope & Reality was developed and written by Afaf Girgis, Claire Johnson, and Sylvie Lambert with funding from the NHMRC and Cancer Council NSW.
Last updated 30 August 2015
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