Closing the Gap is a strategy that aims to reduce Indigenous disadvantage. It is a formal commitment by the Australian Government in response to the 2005 Social Justice Report. The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) has set measurable targets to monitor improvements in the health and wellbeing of the Indigenous population.
COAG has agreed to specific timeframes for achieving six Closing the Gap targets, relating to Indigenous life expectancy, infant mortality, early childhood development, education and employment.
Underpinning Closing the Gap is a new way of working across government and of engaging with Indigenous communities. Governments are cooperating to better coordinate their services and funding. Clear responsibilities, specific targets and rigorous reporting are intended to keep governments on track.