Review collection - Prognosis

83 reviews


Nahm SH, Subramaniam S, Stockler MR, Kiely BE. Timing of prognostic discussions in people with advanced cancer: A systematic review. Support Care Cancer. 2024;32(2):127.


Chu C, Engels Y, Suh SY, Kim SH, White N. Should the Surprise Question be Used as a Prognostic Tool for People With Life-limiting Illnesses? J Pain Symptom Manage. 2023 May 18:S0885-3924(23)00509-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2023.05.003. Epub ahead of print.

Ng S, Ozdemir S. The associations between prognostic awareness and health-related quality of life among patients with advanced cancer: A systematic review. Palliat Med. 2023 Jun;37(6):808-823. doi: 10.1177/02692163231165325. Epub 2023 Apr 24.

Silva DNM, Vicente LCC, Glória VLP, de Lima Friche AA. Swallowing disorders and mortality in adults with advanced cancer outside the head and neck and upper gastrointestinal tract: a systematic review. BMC Palliat Care. 2023 Oct 6;22(1):150.

Spooner C, Vivat B, White N, Bruun A, Rohde G, Kwek PX, Stone P. What outcomes do studies use to measure the impact of prognostication on people with advanced cancer? Findings from a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Palliat Med. 2023 Aug 10:2692163231191148. doi: 10.1177/02692163231191148. Epub ahead of print.

Treleaven L, Komesaroff P, La Brooy C, Olver I, Kerridge I, Philip J. A review of the utility of prognostic tools in predicting 6-month mortality in cancer patients, conducted in the context of voluntary assisted dying. Intern Med J. 2023 Apr 8. doi: 10.1111/imj.16081. Epub ahead of print.

Vu E, Steinmann N, Schröder C, Förster R, Aebersold DM, Eychmüller S, Cihoric N, Hertler C, Windisch P, Zwahlen DR. Applications of Machine Learning in Palliative Care: A Systematic Review. Cancers (Basel). 2023 Mar 4;15(5):1596. doi: 10.3390/cancers15051596.

Wang L, Zhang X, Liu X. Prevalence and clinical impact of frailty in COPD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pulm Med. 2023 May 12;23(1):164. doi: 10.1186/s12890-023-02454-z.

Yoong SQ, Porock D, Whitty D, Tam WWS, Zhang H. Performance of the Palliative Prognostic Index for cancer patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Palliat Med. 2023 Sep;37(8):1144-1167.


Bruun A, Oostendorp L, Bloch S, White N, Mitchinson L, Sisk AR, Stone P. Prognostic decision-making about imminent death within multidisciplinary teams: a scoping review. BMJ Open. 2022 Apr 5;12(4):e057194. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057194.

Kutzko JH, Dadwal P, Holt T, Rahman MA, Zahir SF, Hickey B. Defining the expected 30-day mortality for patients undergoing palliative radiotherapy: A meta-analysis. Radiother Oncol. 2022 Jan 29;168:147-210. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2022.01.030. Epub ahead of print.

Leon Perilla MV, Torkomian Joaquim, RHV. Conceptual Insights on Palliative Care at the end of Life: A Systematic Review. Revista Ciencias de la Salud. 2022;20(1):1-15. doi: 10.12804/

McConvey K, Kazazian K, Iansavichene AE, Jenkins ME, Gofton TE. Triggers for Referral to Specialized Palliative Care in Advanced Neurologic and Neurosurgical Conditions: A Systematic Review. Neurol Clin Pract. 2022 Jun;12(3):190-202. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000001159.

Meyer HJ, Wienke A, Zamsheva M, Surov A. Low Skeletal Muscle Mass Predicts Relevant Outcomes in Palliative Urological Oncology: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Urol Int. 2022 Dec 1:1-11. doi: 10.1159/000527277. Epub ahead of print.

Miller EM, Porter JE, Barbagallo MS. The experiences of health professionals, patients, and families with truth disclosure when breaking bad news in palliative care: A qualitative meta-synthesis. Palliat Support Care. 2022 Jun;20(3):433-444. doi: 10.1017/S1478951521001243.

van Lummel EV, Ietswaard L, Zuithoff NP, Tjan DH, van Delden JJ. The utility of the surprise question: A useful tool for identifying patients nearing the last phase of life? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Palliat Med. 2022 Jul;36(7):1023-1046. doi: 10.1177/02692163221099116.


George LS, Matsoukas K, McFarland DC, Bowers JM, Doherty MJ, Kwon YS, Atkinson TM, Kozlov E, Saraiya B, Prigerson HG, Breitbart W. Interventions to Improve Prognostic Understanding in Advanced Stages of Life-Limiting Illness: A Systematic Review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2021 Sep 8:S0885-3924(21)00524-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.09.002. Epub ahead of print.

Kühne F, Hermann M, Preisler M, Rohrmoser A, Letsch A, Goerling U. Prognostic Awareness in Advanced Disease: A Review Update and Concept Analysis. Front Psychol. 2021 Jun 24;12:629050. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.629050.

Stone P, White N, Oostendorp LJM, Llewellyn H, Vickerstaff V. Comparing the performance of the palliative prognostic (PaP) score with clinical predictions of survival: A systematic review. Eur J Cancer. 2021 Oct 11;158:27-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.08.049. Epub ahead of print.

Sutar R, Chaudhary P, Yadav V. Prevalence of collusion in cancer communications: A meta-analysis. Psychooncology. 2021 Sep 25. doi: 10.1002/pon.5824. Epub ahead of print.


Chang YK, Kaplan H, Geng Y, Mo L, Philip J, Collins A, Allen LA, McClung JA, Denvir MA, Hui D. Referral Criteria to Palliative Care for Patients With Heart Failure: A Systematic Review. Circ Heart Fail. 2020 Sep;13(9):e006881. doi: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.120.006881. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Lee W, Pulbrook M, Sheehan C, Kochovska S, Chang S, Hosie A, Lobb E, Parker D, Draper B, Agar MR, Currow DC. Clinically Significant Depressive Symptoms are Prevalent in People with Extremely Short Prognoses - A Systematic Review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2020 Jul 17:S0885-3924(20)30604-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.07.011. Epub ahead of print.

Loggers SAI, Van Lieshout EMM, Joosse P, Verhofstad MHJ, Willems HC. Prognosis of nonoperative treatment in elderly patients with a hip fracture: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Injury. 2020 Aug 23:S0020-1383(20)30703-8. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2020.08.027. Epub ahead of print.

Rajnoveanu RM, Rajnoveanu AG, Fildan AP, Todea DA, Man MA, Motoc NS, Mosoiu D. Palliative Care Initiation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Prognosis-Based, Symptoms-Based or Needs-Based? Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2020 Jul 3;15:1591-1600. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S254104.

Tanzi S, Venturelli F, Luminari S, Merlo FD, Braglia L, Bassi C, Costantini M. Early palliative care in haematological patients: a systematic literature review. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2020 Oct 14:bmjspcare-2020-002386. doi: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002386. Epub ahead of print.

van der Velden NCA, Meijers MC, Han PKJ, van Laarhoven HWM, Smets EMA, Henselmans I. The Effect of Prognostic Communication on Patient Outcomes in Palliative Cancer Care: a Systematic Review. Curr Treat Options Oncol. 2020 Apr 23;21(5):40. doi: 10.1007/s11864-020-00742-y.


Igai Y. End-of-life trajectory of coping and self-care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A meta-synthesis using meta-ethnography. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2019 Jan;16(1):47-61. doi: 10.1111/jjns.12213. Epub 2018 May 17.


Baik D, Russell D, Jordan L, Dooley F, Bowles KH, Masterson Creber RM. Using the Palliative Performance Scale to Estimate Survival for Patients at the End of Life: A Systematic Review of the Literature. J Palliat Med. 2018 Aug 21. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2018.0141. [Epub ahead of print]

Razvi Y, Chan S, Zaki P, McKenzie E, Lam H, Van Der Velden JM, Alqaderi A, Silva MF, Chow E. Predicting survival of patients treated with palliative radiotherapy: a systematic review. Expert Rev Qual Life Cancer Care. 2018 Jul 10;3(4):105-111.

Zhang Y, Yuan M, Gong M, Tse G, Li G, Liu T. Frailty and Clinical Outcomes in Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2018 Jul 31. pii: S1525-8610(18)30329-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.06.009. [Epub ahead of print]


Almagro P, Yun S, Sangil A, Rodríguez-Carballeira M, Marine M, Landete P, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Soriano JB, Miravitlles M. Palliative care and prognosis in COPD: A systematic review with a validation cohort. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017 Jun 9;12:1721-1729. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S135657. eCollection 2017.

Chen CH, Kuo SC, Tang ST. Current status of accurate prognostic awareness in advanced/terminally ill cancer patients: Systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Palliat Med. 2017 May;31(5):406-418. doi: Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Downar J, Goldman R, Pinto R, Englesakis M, Adhikari NK. The "surprise question" for predicting death in seriously ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CMAJ. 2017 Apr 3;189(13):E484-E493.

PEBC’s Ovarian Oncology Guidelines Group. A systematic review of patient values, preferences and expectations for the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2017 Jun 7. pii: S0090-8258(17)30895-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.05.039. [Epub ahead of print]

Reid VL, McDonald R, Nwosu AC, Mason SR, Probert C, Ellershaw JE, Coyle S. A systematically structured review of biomarkers of dying in cancer patients in the last months of life; An exploration of the biology of dying. PLoS One. 2017 Apr 6;12(4):e0175123. eCollection 2017.

Simmons CPL, McMillan DC, McWilliams K, Sande TA, Fearon KC, Tuck S, Fallon MT, Laird BJ. Prognostic Tools in Patients With Advanced Cancer: A Systematic Review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 May;53(5):962-970.e10. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Smith LE, Moore E, Ali I, Smeeth L, Stone P, Quint JK. Prognostic variables and scores identifying the end of life in COPD: a systematic review. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017 Jul 31;12:2239-2256. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S137868. eCollection 2017.

White N, Kupeli N, Vickerstaff V, Stone P. How accurate is the 'Surprise Question' at identifying patients at the end of life? A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Med. 2017 Aug 2;15(1):139. doi: 10.1186/s12916-017-0907-4.

Zylla D, Steele G, Gupta P. A systematic review of the impact of pain on overall survival in patients with cancer. Support Care Cancer. 2017 May;25(5):1687-1698. Epub 2017 Feb 11.


Cheon S, Agarwal A, Popovic M, Milakovic M, Lam M, Fu W, DiGiovanni J, Lam H, Lechner B, Pulenzas N, Chow R, Chow E. The accuracy of clinicians' predictions of survival in advanced cancer: a review. Ann Palliat Med. 2016 Jan;5(1):22-9.

Chow R, Chiu N, Bruera E, Krishnan M, Chiu L, Lam H, DeAngelis C, Pulenzas N, Vuong S, Chow E. Inter-rater reliability in performance status assessment among health care professionals: a systematic review. Ann Palliat Med. 2016 Apr;5(2):83-92.

White N, Reid F, Harris A, Harries P, Stone P. A Systematic Review of Predictions of Survival in Palliative Care: How Accurate Are Clinicians and Who Are the Experts? PLoS One. 2016 Aug 25;11(8):e0161407. eCollection 2016.


Finlayson CS, Chen YT, Fu MR. The Impact of Patients' Awareness of Disease Status on Treatment Preferences and Quality of Life among Patients with Metastatic Cancer: A Systematic Review from 1997-2014. J Palliat Med. 2015 Feb;18(2):176-86.Epub 2014 Sep 26.

Hill L, McIlfatrick S, Taylor B, Dixon L, Harbinson M, Fitzsimons D. Patients' perception of implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation at the end of life. Palliat Med. 2015 Apr;29(4):310-323.

Yang M, Mehta HB, Bali V, Gupta P, Wang X, Johnson ML, Aparasu RR. Which risk-adjustment index performs better in predicting 30-day mortality? A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Eval Clin Pract. 2015 Apr;21(2):292-9.Epub 2015 Feb 6.


Applebaum AJ, Kolva EA, Kulikowski JR, Jacobs JD, DeRosa A, Lichtenthal WG, Olden ME, Rosenfeld B, Breitbart W. Conceptualizing prognostic awareness in advanced cancer: a systematic review. J Health Psychol. 2014 Sep;19(9):1103-19. Epub 2013 Oct 24.

Kennedy C, Brooks-Young P, Brunton Gray C, Larkin P, Connolly M, Wilde-Larsson B, Larsson M, Smith T, Chater S. Diagnosing dying: an integrative literature review. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2014 Sep;4(3):263-70. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Parry R, Land V, Seymour J. How to communicate with patients about future illness progression and end of life: a systematic review. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2014 Dec;4(4):331-41. Epub 2014 Oct 24.


Brown MA, Sampson EL, Jones L, Barron AM. Prognostic indicators of 6-month mortality in elderly people with advanced dementia: a systematic review. Palliat Med. 2013 May;27(5):389-400.

Kehl KA, Kowalkowski JA. A systematic review of the prevalence of signs of impending death and symptoms in the last 2 weeks of life. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2013 Sep;30(6):601-16. Epub 2012 Dec 12.

López-Saca JM, Guzmán JL, Centeno C. A systematic review of the influence of opioids on advanced cancer patient survival. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2013 Dec;7(4):424-30.

Zhou M. Holden L. Lao N. Lam H. Zeng L. Chow E. Accuracy of clinicians' prediction of survival and prognostic factors indicative of survival: A systematic review. Hong Kong Journal of Radiology. 16 (3) (pp 168-182), 2013. [No abstract available]


Hubbard G, McLachlan K, Forbat L, Munday D. Recognition by family members that relatives with neurodegenerative disease are likely to die within a year: a meta-ethnography. Palliat Med. 2012 Mar;26(2):108-22.

Trajkovic-Vidakovic M, de Graeff A, Voest EE, Teunissen SC. Symptoms tell it all: a systematic review of the value of symptom assessment to predict survival in advanced cancer patients. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2012 Oct;84(1):130-48. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2012.02.011. Epub 2012 Mar 31.

Salpeter SR, Luo EJ, Malter DS, Stuart B. Systematic review of noncancer presentations with a median survival of 6 months or less. Am J Med. 2012 May;125(5):512.e1-6.

Shi Q, Presutti R, Selchen D, Saposnik G. Delirium in acute stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke. 2012 Mar;43(3):645-9. Epub 2012 Jan 19.


Gilbertson-White S, Aouizerat BE, Jahan T, Miaskowski C. A review of the literature on multiple symptoms, their predictors, and associated outcomes in patients with advanced cancer. Palliat Support Care. 2011 Mar;9(1):81-102.

Kirby M, Hirst C, Crawford ED. Characterising the castration-resistant prostate cancer population: a systematic review. Int J Clin Pract. 2011 Nov;65(11):1180-92.

Stillwell AP, Ho YH, Veitch C. Systematic review of prognostic factors related to overall survival in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer and unresectable metastases. World J Surg. 2011 Mar;35(3):684-92.


Askoxylakis V, Thieke C, Pleger ST, Most P, Tanner J, Lindel K, Katus HA, Debus J, Bischof M. Long-term survival of cancer patients compared to heart failure and stroke: a systematic review. BMC Cancer. 2010 Mar 22;10:105.

Cabibbo G, Enea M, Attanasio M, Bruix J, Craxì A, Cammà C. A meta-analysis of survival rates of untreated patients in randomized clinical trials of hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatology. 2010 Apr;51(4):1274-83.

Stillwell AP, Buettner PG, Ho YH. Meta-analysis of survival of patients with stage IV colorectal cancer managed with surgical resection versus chemotherapy alone. World J Surg. 2010 Apr;34(4):797-807.

Wijdicks EF, Varelas PN, Gronseth GS, Greer DM; American Academy of Neurology. Evidence-based guideline update: determining brain death in adults: report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2010 Jun 8;74(23):1911-8.


Chida Y, Vedhara K. Adverse psychosocial factors predict poorer prognosis in HIV disease: a meta-analytic review of prospective investigations. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 May;23(4):434-45. Epub 2009 Jan 29.

Gartman EJ, Casserly BP, Martin D, Ward NS. Using serial severity scores to predict death in ICU patients: a validation study and review of the literature. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2009 Dec;15(6):578-82.

Innes S, Payne S. Advanced cancer patients' prognostic information preferences: a review. Palliat Med. 2009 Jan;23(1):29-39.

Lee M, Chodosh J. Dementia and life expectancy: what do we know? J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2009 Sep;10(7):466-71. Epub 2009 Jun 27.

Marsella A. Exploring the literature surrounding the transition into palliative care: a scoping review. Int J Palliat Nurs. 2009 Apr;15(4):186-9.

Saposnik G, Basile VS, Young GB. Movements in brain death: a systematic review. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009 Mar;36(2):154-60.


Bail K. Patient and professional dissatisfaction: a literature review of prognosis communication related to hospital settings. Contemp Nurse. 2008 Jun;29(2):135-46.


Downing M, Lau F, Lesperance M, Karlson N, Shaw J, Kuziemsky C, Bernard S, Hanson L, Olajide L, Head B, Ritchie C, Harrold J, Casarett D. Meta-analysis of survival prediction with Palliative Performance Scale. J Palliat Care. 2007 Winter;23(4):245-52; discussion 252-4.

Hancock K, Clayton JM, Parker SM, Walder S, Butow PN, Carrick S, Currow D, Ghersi D, Glare P, Hagerty R, Tattersall MH. Discrepant perceptions about end-of-life communication: a systematic review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007 Aug;34(2):190-200. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Hancock K, Clayton JM, Parker SM, Wal der S, Butow PN, Carrick S, Currow D, Ghersi D, Glare P, Hagerty R, Tattersall MH. Truth-telling in discussing prognosis in advanced life-limiting illnesses: a systematic review. Palliat Med. 2007 Sep;21(6):507-17.

Lau F, Cloutier-Fisher D, Kuziemsky C, Black F, Downing M, Borycki E, Ho F. A systematic review of prognostic tools for estimating survival time in palliative care. J Palliat Care. 2007 Summer;23(2):93-112.

Stone PC, Lund S. Predicting prognosis in patients with advanced cancer. Ann Oncol. 2007 Jun;18(6):971-6.


DeSalvo KB, Bloser N, Reynolds K, He J, Muntner P. Mortality prediction with a single general self-rated health question. a meta-analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Mar;21(3):267-75. Epub 2005 Dec 7.

Hauser CA, Stockler MR, Tattersall MH. Prognostic factors in patients with recently diagnosed incurable cancer: a systematic review. Support Care Cancer. 2006 Oct;14(10):999-1011. Epub 2006 May 18.

Schofield P, Carey M, Love A, Nehill C, Wein S. 'Would you like to talk about your future treatment options'? Discussing the transition from curative cancer treatment to palliative care. Palliat Med. 2006 Jun;20(4):397-406.


Coventry PA, Grande GE, Richards DA, Todd CJ. Prediction of appropriate timing of palliative care for older adults with non-malignant life-threatening disease. Age Ageing. 2005 May;34(3):218-27.

Hagerty RG, Butow PN, Ellis PM, Dimitry S, Tattersall MH. Communicating prognosis in cancer care: a systematic review of the literature. Ann Oncol. 2005 Jul;16(7):1005-53.

Maltoni M, Caraceni A, Brunelli C, Broeckaert B, Christakis N, Eychmueller S, Glare P, Nabal M, Vigano A, Larkin P, De Conno F, Hanks G, Kaasa S. Prognostic factors in advanced cancer patients: evidence-based clinical recommendations--a study by the Steering Committee of the European Association for Palliative Care. J Clin Oncol 2005 Sept 1;23(25):6240-8.


Chow E, Tsao MN, Harth T. Does psychosocial intervention improve survival in cancer? A meta-analysis. Palliat Med. 2004 Jan;18(1):25-31.


Glare P, Virik K, Jones M, Hudson M, Eychmuller S, Simes J, Christakis N. A systematic review of physicians' survival predictions in terminally ill cancer patients. BMJ. 2003 Jul 26;327(7408):195-8.

Riley RD, Abrams KR, Sutton AJ, Lambert PC, Jones DR, Heney D, Burchill SA. Reporting of prognostic markers: current problems and development of guidelines for evidence-based practice in the future. Br J Cancer. 2003 Apr 22;88(8):1191-8.


Vigano A, Dorgan M, Buckingham J, Bruera E, Suarez-Almazor ME. Survival prediction in terminal cancer patients: a systematic review of the medical literature. Palliat Med. 2000 Sep;14(5):363-74.

Last updated 25 March 2024